L’arbre Généalogique

Study Material

L’arbre Généalogique

Interesting fact : the word ‘parent’ does not just mean a parent in french but can be referred to any of your relative. It can be both a noun and an adjective too.

Par exemple…

J’ai un parent à Lille.

 

I have a relative in Lille.

Nous sommes parents par mon père.

 

We’re related on my father’s side.

La famille

Close relations, next of kin = les proches

brother

un frère

 

sister

une sœur

father

un père

 

mother

une mère

son

un fils

 

daughter

une fille

husband
spouse

un mari
un époux

 

wife
spouse

une femme
une épouse

uncle

un oncle

 

aunt

une tante

nephew

un neveu

 

niece

une nièce

cousin – male

un cousin

 

cousin – female

une cousine

grandfather

un grand-père

 

grandmother

une grand-mère

great grandfather

arrière-grand-père

 

great grandmother

arrière-grand-mère

grandson

un petit-fils

 

granddaughter

une petite-fille

great grandson

arrière-petit-fils

 

great granddaughter

arrière-petite-fille

Special family terms

Un aîné / une aînée can refer to an older brother/sister, the oldest brother/sister, or the first-born son/daughter.

Un cadet / une cadette can refer to a younger brother/sister or the second-born son/daughter in a family.

Le benjamin / la benjamine is the youngest child in a family.

extended family

 

la famille étendue

blended family

 

la famille recomposée

Family by marriage  Famille par alliance

In French, there’s no distinction between step-family and family-in-law: they are both equivalent to beau- or belle- plus that family member.

step-father
father-in-law

beau-père

 

step-mother
mother-in-law

belle-mère

step-brother
brother-in-law

beau-frère

 

step-sister
sister-in-law

belle-sœur

step-son
son-in-law

beau-fils

 

step-daughter
daughter-in-law

belle-fille

 

 

 

 

 

But there are some additional terms for in-laws:

in-laws

les beaux-parents, la belle-famille

son-in-law

le gendre

 

daughter-in-law

la bru

What’s the difference?

For the non-native English speakers out there:

Step-family (Famille recomposée) has to do with a spouse who has children from a previous partnership:

My father’s new wife is my step-mother (belle-mère) and I am her step-daughter (belle-fille)

My step-mother’s son is my step-brother (beau-frère) and I am his step-sister (belle-sœur)

A child born to my father and step-mother is my half-brother (demi-frère) or half-sister (demi-sœur)

My new husband’s daughter is my step-daughter (belle-fille) and I am her step-mother (belle-mère)

Family-in-law is your spouse’s family and the family of your sibling’s spouse:

My husband’s mother is my mother-in-law (belle-mère) and I am her daughter-in-law (belle-fille or bru)

My husband’s brother is my brother-in-law (beau-frère) and I am his sister-in-law (belle-sœur)

My sister’s husband is my brother-in-law (beau-frère) and I am his sister-in-law (belle-sœur)

My son’s wife is my daughter-in-law (belle-fille or bru) and I am her mother-in-law (belle-mère)

Other Family Matters

Adoptive Family ~ Famille adoptive

biological father

père biologique

 

biological mother

mère biologique

adoptive father

père adoptif

 

adoptive mother

mère adoptive

adopted son

fils adoptif

 

adopted daughter

fille adoptive



Foster Family - Famille nourricière / Famille d’accueil

foster father

père nourricier / d’accueil

foster mother

mère nourricière / d’accueil

foster child

enfant placé dans une famille

Godparents and Godchildren

 

godfather

parrain

 

godmother

marraine

godson

filleul

 

goddaughter

filleule (pronounced like filleul)

 

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